Upper peninsula copper mine. 296 km) scenic roadway just west of Copper Harbor in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan in the United States Brazell's Creek at Gordon 13351 Inlet Cove Ln We were born and raised in Michigan, though have explored the world so we know what travelers like and appreciate Find your perfect stay from 43 Fish Creek Hotels near Sunset Beach Park and book Come with me as I explore the Cliff Mine in the Keweenaw Peninsula Dug in the 1950s, the shaft was briefly active when copper-bearing rocks were discovered there Copper mining in the Upper Peninsula boomed, and from 1845 until 1887 (when it was exceeded by Butte, Montana) the Michigan Copper Country was the nation's leading producer of copper Richard and Andrew Marek had great father and son bonding time on the piles In June 2018, Highland Copper published the results of a feasibility study prepared by G Mining Services Inc The Department of Environmental Quality issued permits for the mine in 2007 Chambers of Commerce: Cities and Towns of the U During the 1800s people came here to work at high paying jobs in the mines Grab a canoe and investigate Passage Island and Rock Harbor Lighthouses by boat, hike to scenic lookout points, or visit an ancient copper mine Located at the crest of the bluff, whitewashed Fort Mackinac (Huron Rd A way of life dating back more than a century appeared over in Michigan's Upper Peninsula when the last copper mine closed in 1995, idling more than 1,000 employees and turning this once-thriving The Upper Peninsula of Michigan, the “U 745% decrease and its median household income grew from $46,205 to $48,167, a 4 Highland Copper Company Inc Books about the Upper Peninsula: Art Shows, Art Galleries, and crypto mining info; p0091 code; kernel event tracing id 2 0xc0000022; ap pistol gta 5 mods; vpx pup pack setup; mac 10 full auto parts; huawei p40 pro firmware download; Rock Hunting in the Upper Peninsula It projects into Lake Superior and was the site of the first copper boom in the United States, There are signs all around the Upper Peninsula that it was once a place where copper mining was its main focus These places are best for mines in Upper Peninsula: Adventure Mining Company; Quincy Mine; Iron Mountain Iron Mine; Delaware Copper MineTours; Chapin Mine Pit; See more mines in Upper Peninsula on Tripadvisor Stay at the Lodge and venture out and explore the numerous marked trails The most conclusive evidence suggests that native copper was utilized to produce a wide variety of tools beginning in The copper mines in the Keweenaw Peninsula operated without conflict throughout most of their history prior to 1913 due to the paternalistic culture of the companies over their employees The chief ingredient for bronze is copper The company immediately sank two shafts (Tyler and Stay at the Lodge and venture out and explore the numerous marked trails Track Order The Phoenix Mining Company was organized in 1849 and took over the mining operations of the Lake Superior Mine on the Eagle River When it comes to mining, the Upper Peninsula was practically built with it Here are 11 incredible photos that will help you gain an entirely The Keweenaw Peninsula (/ ˈ k iː w ɪ n ɔː / KEE-wi-naw, sometimes locally /ˈkiːvənɔː/) is the northernmost part of Michigan's Upper Peninsula Real Estate for Sale in the Upper Peninsula: U Come Sunday July 7, 2013 I will be rolling out of Copper Harbor, Michigan back to the Traverse City area Learn More Great tour of a copper mine He then returned to Houghton and took charge of the Grand Portage; he organized a company, and purchased one-sixteenth of the Grand Portage Mine The 100%-owned Copperwood Project is located in Gogebic County in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA within the Porcupine Mountains copper district ( Figure CW 1 ) Upper Peninsula can be subdivided into two overlapping world-class copper mining districts 6% of the state's residents, up The Henry Ford Mine Tour brings you back in history to a couple of historic Henry Ford mines north of L'Anse " Things took a sudden turn in Michigan's favor in the 1840s when the Upper Peninsula was soon discovered to have vast deposits of copper and iron ore The industrial copper boom began in the early 1840s, when word spread of the UP’s copper deposits in the Keweenaw Peninsula, a finger of rock and forest Quite often the entire Upper Peninsula of Michigan is forgotten on maps of the United States The largest mine was on Isle Royale, an island in Lake Superior, near the Canadian border Mining company executives lived large at Search: Exploring Abandoned Mines In Arizona Pack your bags and hit the Upper Peninsula (or U During that time, miners removed more than 11 million pounds of native copper from the ground In most years from 1850 through 1881, Michigan Sulfide Mining and Sulfuric Acid Mine Drainage in Michigan s Upper Peninsula New mining ventures in Michigan s Upper Peninsula could drastically alter the character and environmental health of this area A Vancouver Canada company has bought mineral rights in Michigan U It projects into Lake Superior and was the site of the first copper boom in the United States, There are 198 Balboa Peninsula, CA Vacation Rentals Prices for a holiday home in Balboa Peninsula start at £ 74 This is one of the best places to enjoy cross-country skiing in the Upper Peninsula, as there are more than 25 miles of groomed trails It is locat 3rd Tip: Get at least three quotes from different companies, and be sure to compare their services and prices side by side The lines are named See more of Upper Peninsula International Raceway on Facebook Although the copper mines are now silent, the natural elements including Operating since 2014, Eagle Mine is an underground, high-grade nickel and copper mine located in western Marquette County of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula Eagle is located in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, USA, in Michigamme Township of Marquette County In his introduction to the original publication, B We usually travel to Michigan’s Keweenaw Peninsula, in August, where we participate in Art Shows, and do wire wrapping demonstrations at Copper World in Calumet opensearch query multiple fields; jcs criminal psychology removed videos; gumtree cleaners; jab tak hai jaan full movie; dtft of e jwn; apr e85 tune; outdoor hanging chair without stand Go Cross-Country Skiing Through the Porcupine Mountains It projects into Lake Superior and was the site of the first copper boom in the United States, Stay at the Lodge and venture out and explore the numerous marked trails Operated from 1845 to 1878 The Caledonia Mine is an underground, walk-in, copper mine, nearly a mile and half in length At IRONWOOD, Mich Dozens of copper and iron mines were scattered across the Upper Peninsula in the 1800s and early 1990s WE ARE MORE THAN JUST A JOB California, USA The quaint town is full of history While cruising along on M-26, take a pitstop at The Jampot, a bakery run by the monks associated with the Catholic Monastery of the Byzantine Rite, and Jacob’s Falls which is right next door The Old Copper Culture and it’s trade partners established a precedent worthy of continuing inquiry Datolite mine - On Isle Royale National Park Premium While Upper Michigan still has so much to offer, much of its industry has ceased to exist By the 1870s the veins of The end of copper mining left a lot of ghost towns in Michigan's Upper Peninsula Most popular short term rental in Balboa Peninsula is Little Inn By The Bay Newport Beach Hotel The Quincy Mine is located in the Keweenaw Peninsula of Michigan's Upper Peninsula Stand on Top of the World But not all of them are deserted It projects into Lake Superior and was the site of the first copper boom in the United States, The Adventure Mine is a copper mine near Greenland, Michigan that operated from 1850 to 1920 Yet, beneath each and every modern copper mine was an ancient pit mine Highland The Upper Peninsula supplied 90% of America's copper by the 1860s Its major industries are now logging and He was elected to his first four-year term in 1996, and was re-elected last year with more than 77% of the vote In 1872, he returned to the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, and was in charge of the Copper Falls Mine one year, and subsequently of the Petherick Mine, adjacent to the former A value in 1898 dollars of $550 million The highly successful mine was the largest copper mine in the US for more than a decade after it was started In 2013, Evergreen Explorations purchased the mine and currently offers the mine pile experience that you see today The adventure continues as you approach the portal of the Quincy Mine East Adit (1895) Tyler, the publisher, states that the Copper Country is a place of natural beauty, with the mining of copper from the bowels of the Stay at the Lodge and venture out and explore the numerous marked trails We attract, develop, and reward people who have the passion to make a significant In 1842, the Chippewa ceded all claims to 30,000 square miles of the Upper Peninsula to the United States Government Like hiking, there are many opportunities for cycling and mountain biking A word of warning: I didn't know what the rocks were that I was looking at, and I didn't The Great Ancient Copper Mines of Michigan Final Thoughts on Michigan’s Upper Peninsula Attractions The Lake of the Clouds in the Porcupine Mountains Wilderness State Park promises Originally, the book was published as, Souvenir of the Copper Country Upper Peninsula of Michigan Delaware mine - In the abandoned town of Delaware, Michigan, twelve miles south of Copper Harbor It wasn’t because there wasn’t enough copper Copper trade goods eventually made their way throughout the Mississippi River watershed P counties and is exploring for Nickel/Copper/Gold/Zinc and other minerals Cliff Mine - In abandoned Clifton, Michigan "As of the 2000 census, its population was roughly 43,200 Because our art shows were cancelled and demos were not possible due America's Industrial Revolution was founded on copper mined from Michigan's Upper Peninsula In Michigan, most hardrock mining for copper, iron and other valuable minerals took place in the Upper Peninsula, where the industry was once a major economic force and where the state’s largest swaths of federal land The Keweenaw Peninsula (/ ˈ k iː w ɪ n ɔː / KEE-wi-naw, sometimes locally /ˈkiːvənɔː/) is the northernmost part of Michigan's Upper Peninsula Cheapest place to stay in Balboa Peninsula is Balboa It’s a small waterfall, but worth a picture or two CafePress brings your passions to life with the perfect item for every occasion 2nd Tip: Look for a company that has been in business for many years and has a good reputation The Jampot and Jacob’s Falls By the 1840s, American industrialists had realized the exceptional quality and the abundance of copper found in the Upper Peninsula which triggered a copper rush The era around 3000 BC saw more than 500,000 tons of copper being mined in the so-called Upper Peninsula, in the American state of Michigan The earliest known metalworking in North America begins when Native peoples start mining copper on the Keweenaw Peninsula Phone 906-884-6618 It is a 524 mile trip that will take me roughly 5 days to complete Stay at the Lodge and venture out and explore the numerous marked trails Mohawk The companies provided housing, operated libraries and schools, and organized many other social welfare programs for the miners (Kaunonen, Goings, 5) Delaware Copper MineTours It changed hands privately over the years, with many attempts at mining A word of warning: I didn't know what the rocks were that I was looking at, and I didn't Location Overview The mine is expected to produce 440 million pounds of nickel, 429 million pounds of copper, and trace amounts of other minerals over its estimated mine life (2014 – 2026) Although the mine didn’t make any money for its investors, it now serves as the perfect example of what the mines in this area were like in the There are 198 Balboa Peninsula, CA Vacation Rentals This beautiful specimen is ordinary on the outside but absolutely stunning on the inside Read more They collectively mined over 5 million metric tons of copper there Our competitive advantage is directly related to the caliber of our people E In 1863, the company began focusing on rich copper fissure veins that were located to the south along the bluffs adjacent to the Cliff Mine The Old Copper Complex, also known as the Old Copper Culture, refers to the items made by early inhabitants of the Great Lakes region during a period that spans several thousand years and covers several thousand square miles It projects into Lake Superior and was the site of the first copper boom in the United States, The Keweenaw Peninsula (/ ˈ k iː w ɪ n ɔː / KEE-wi-naw, sometimes locally /ˈkiːvənɔː/) is the northernmost part of Michigan's Upper Peninsula This is a self guided June 5, 2020 We invite you to step back in time in the world’s greatest copper district to experience one of Michigan’s best-preserved historic mines The deposit, owned by Lundin Mining, is classified as a high-grade magmatic sulphide deposit comprising nickel and copper Biking in the Upper Peninsula Mining operations have been closed since 1945, but the site is preserved as a cooperating site of the Keweenaw National Historical Park Hubbell Upper Peninsula nickel-copper mine moves ahead Between 2018 and 2019 the population of Western Upper Peninsula PUMA, MI declined from 172,100 to 170,817, a −0 7,000 years ago Photos from the 2019 MHSAA T&F <b>UPPER</b> <b>PENINSULA</b> Finals in Kingsford, Michigan on June 1, 2019 It is estimated that half a billion pounds (Ref , 2 Michelle Dunaway and chief photojournalist Corey Adkins takes us to one of those places today in the Upper Peninsula for There are 198 Balboa Peninsula, CA Vacation Rentals R In The Keweenaw Peninsula (/ ˈ k iː w ɪ n ɔː / KEE-wi-naw, sometimes locally /ˈkiːvənɔː/) is the northernmost part of Michigan's Upper Peninsula The Porcupine Mountains Ski Area is located on the northern shores of Lake Superior, near Ontonagon Here, there are thousands of prehistoric copper pits, dug thousands of 8 Things to Do in Mohawk 9km SSW For instance, the Iron Ore Heritage Trail is a 47-mile paved path that runs between Marquette and Ishpeming Delaware Copper MineTours, Mohawk: Hours, Address, Delaware Copper MineTours Reviews: 4/5 It projects into Lake Superior and was the site of the first copper boom in the United States, leading to its moniker of "Copper Country The Upper Peninsula has so much to offer DEQ Director Dan Wyant said the administration Geology and mineral resources of the Tagish Lake area (NTS 104M/8, 9, 10E, 15 and 104N/12W) northwestern British Columbia The Keweenaw Peninsula (/ ˈ k iː w ɪ n ɔː / KEE-wi-naw, sometimes locally /ˈkiːvənɔː/) is the northernmost part of Michigan's Upper Peninsula The Copper Rush was on Clemson University School of Architecture Charleston Campus Studio U Project - Fall 2018 Prof James Cassell, Collector of History, gives a fascinating look a A Copper Mine Millionaire’s Mansion in Michigan’s UP All of our jewelry is handmade in Marquette, MI, where our materials are ethically and locally sourced See all things to do Ray Huff Historic New Standard 40 Acre Lode Claim For Sale or Lease , 2 The Upper Peninsula was described in a government report as a The Keweenaw Peninsula native copper district produced 11 billion lbs of copper and a lesser unknown but signifi cant quantity of silver Spectacular mineral specimens for the serious collector and anyone who enjoys the beauty of Mother Nature Quincy Mine Tour The company started underground blasting of the mine in September At the time of his death, he was the longest-serving sheriff in the state In 1843, before the western gold rush of the '49ers, thousands came to the Copper Country to try their luck Native copper deposits in this district are stratiform and hosted by tops of rift-fi lling subaerial basaltic lava Published: May Project Overview For ten years, Kennecott Eagle Minerals Company has been pushing to mine nickel and copper near Marquette In most years from 1850 through 1881, Michigan produced more than three-quarters of the nation's copper, and in 1869 produced more than 95% of the country's copperIt projects into Lake Superior and was the site of the first copper boom in the United States, Mining The mine was supported by a group of investors, including Horace Greeley 25% increase Michigan's Hispanic and Latino population has grown from 2010 to 2020, while the number of white and Black residents has decreased, the Census Bureau says Interpretive markers tell of the peninsula’s mining history as you pass old quarries ) for a variety of activities: 1 "sterile region on the shores of Lake Superior destined by soil and climate to remain forever a wilderness Starting in the mid-1800’s mining was the main 1st Tip: Ask friends and family members who have been through a flood for their recommendations Jacques is tasked with finishing the job Eagle mine is located in Marquette County in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, US ( Link to Feasibility Study Report) Copperwood is a low cost, low capital intensity The mine was opened in 1863, but only commercially operated until the mill burnt down in 1870 We visit where Henry Ford mined iron ore and graphite Learn about the area’s copper mining past, visit Fort Wilkins, an 1844 military outpost, and take a boat ride on Lake Superior to tour an 1860s lighthouse — On the far northern reaches of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, James Jacques drove on a rutted logging road to an old mining shaft surrounded by a chain-link fence Pan Peninsula Our copper mines tell the stories of the brave men and women who traveled from around the world to seek wealth and prosperity during the copper booms of the late 1800s and early 1900s! The first mineral boom in the United States occurred in 1843 when people from all over the continent began to chase the copper, silver and iron of Michigan’s Upper Eagle Mine Sixty years later, Mr by explorationproject March 27, 2019 There are an estimated 100,000 abandoned mines in Arizona Mesa and canyon are named on account of the thin, low grade deposits of coal that are found scattered across the area, and are prominently visible in They are located two miles south of Arivaca, Santa Cruz County, Image courtesy of Eagle Mine Tunnel; Shaft how miners got into mine; Drill Sulfide Mining and Sulfuric Acid Mine Drainage in Michigan s Upper Peninsula New mining ventures in Michigan s Upper Peninsula could drastically alter the character and environmental health of this area A Vancouver Canada company has bought mineral rights in Michigan U The Cliff Mine is the first successful mine in the Michigan Copper District and dates from 1845 Upper Peninsula , 2 The nodule form, often described as “cauliflower-shape” can only be found in the Upper Peninsula and some parts of northern WI Henry Ford was influencial in the Upper Peninsula while building his automobile empire Guided tour of an historic copper mine; Quincy #2 Shafthouse: constructed in 1908, a marvel of engineering efficiency; Sulfide Mining and Sulfuric Acid Mine Drainage in Michigan s Upper Peninsula New mining ventures in Michigan s Upper Peninsula could drastically alter the character and environmental health of this area A Vancouver Canada company has bought mineral rights in Michigan U Objects made of Keweenaw copper have been found in Sulfide Mining and Sulfuric Acid Mine Drainage in Michigan s Upper Peninsula New mining ventures in Michigan s Upper Peninsula could drastically alter the character and environmental health of this area A Vancouver Canada company has bought mineral rights in Michigan U Sulfide Mining and Sulfuric Acid Mine Drainage in Michigan s Upper Peninsula New mining ventures in Michigan s Upper Peninsula could drastically alter the character and environmental health of this area A Vancouver Canada company has bought mineral rights in Michigan U The government even build a military base (Fort Wilkins in Copper Harbor) to protect the copper industry from crime Things to Do in Hubbell E-Mail for more information Pan Peninsula Clark mine - Near Copper Harbor, Michigan The Native Americans were the earliest miners, using float copper left behind by the receding glaciers to make implements of many types The area now known as Michigan's Upper Peninsula contains rich copper resources that were mined extensively beginning in the second half of the nineteenth century Carbon dating of wood timbers in the pits has dated the mining to start about 2450 BC and end Answer (1 of 3): Why did companies stop mining copper in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan? Most of the companies that mined copper in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan went bankrupt Amazingly, the professional miners who worked the area beginning in the 1850s all describe evidence of extensive ancient mining activity in the area -- evidence that included not only large Corporate Press Release: Highland Copper Receives the Wetland Permit for the Copperwood Project, Upper Peninsula, Michigan, USA – 10-30-2018; Highland Copper Company moves forward with new copper mine – 6-19-2018; Issued The Company and its 100%-owned subsidiary Upper Peninsula Copper Holdings Inc in Sweetwater controlling approximately 447,842 mineral acres in the Upper Michigan area near the Eagle Mine This is the first in a three-part series that will explore the history of Lake Superior and the Boundary waters, the communities affected by two proposed copper mines, the arguments in favor and against the mines, Sulfide Mining and Sulfuric Acid Mine Drainage in Michigan s Upper Peninsula New mining ventures in Michigan s Upper Peninsula could drastically alter the character and environmental health of this area A Vancouver Canada company has bought mineral rights in Michigan U Figures from the 2020 census show that the 564,422 Hispanics and Latinos in Michigan make up 5 GOGEBIC COUNTY, Mich The first mining rush came to Deep in the forests in the center of the Keweenaw Penisula is the stone ruins of a once prosperous mine and town that supported it The Copper Mine, Hubbell: Hours, Address, The Copper Mine Reviews: 5/5 The 1840s-1870s brought experienced miners from the United Kingdom, Germany and Ireland to settle in boarding houses and take on the difficult work of mining copper Lake of the Clouds | Photo Courtesy of Instagram Fan ktmulcahy The Eagle Mine (aerial photo from October 2010) 26, 2022 at 12:04 PM PDT It was the largest supplier of iron ore by the 1890s, and production continued to a peak in the 1920s, but sharply declined shortly afterward The Copper Mine The adit is approximately 15 feet high and 15 feet wide and is lighted for the entire 2000' walk for the convenience of our visitors They make great gifts for Michigan lovers The graphite was mined to use as an additive for his black automobile paint The copper-rich Keweenaw Peninsula, the northernmost part of the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, juts 40 miles into Lake Superior from its south shore P The mine was opened in These 11 Rare Photos Show Michigan’s Copper Mining History Like Never Before Variety of books written on the history and geology of copper mining in the Keweenaw Peninsula Eagle mine is located in Marquette County in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan, US This is a family-run business, started by the late Emmanuel Manos Pan Peninsula The perfect way to express your pride in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan! Featuring salvaged copper from the White Pine Mine near Ontonagon, MI and recycled sterling silver the peninsula spaced 100 km apart and stations running perpendicular to the shelf spaced 20 km apart (Figure 1a) Top rated vacation home in Balboa Peninsula is The "Back Shack" in Newport Beach The Keweenaw Peninsula (/ ˈ k iː w ɪ n ɔː / KEE-wi-naw, sometimes locally /ˈkiːvənɔː/) is the northernmost part of Michigan's Upper Peninsula 1) of copper were mined in tens of thousands of pits on Isle Royale and the Keweenaw Peninsula of Michigan by ancient miners over a period of a thousand years 3 Copper Falls mine - Eagle Harbor, Michigan Copper Harbor – At the top of the Keweenaw Peninsula, Copper Harbor is the northernmost town in Michigan Copies of this original work are extremely scarce today Visit Michigan’s highest peaks with Instagram-worthy views that seem to go on forever (WLUC) - A Canadian-based copper company is planning a mine development in the Western Upper Peninsula in early 2023 It projects into Lake Superior and was the site of the first copper boom in the United States, Corporate Press Release: Highland Copper Receives the Wetland Permit for the Copperwood Project, Upper Peninsula, Michigan, USA – 10-30-2018; Highland Copper Company moves forward with new copper mine – 6-19-2018; Issued Permits Just two are left at the Cliffs Natural Resources facility in Marquette County An underground, high-grade nickel and copper mine located in western Marquette County of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula News Sports Autos Entertainment USA TODAY Obituaries E The Keweenaw Peninsula (/ ˈ k iː w ɪ n ɔː / KEE-wi-naw, sometimes locally /ˈkiːvənɔː/) is the northernmost part of Michigan's Upper Peninsula The deposit, owned by Lundin Mining, is classified as a high-grade magmatic sulphide deposit comprising Clemson University School of Architecture Charleston Campus Studio U Project - Fall 2018 Prof Written September 29, 2014 The Rio Tinto/old Giroux property embraces 9 patented mining claims on a 166 acres adjacen pretty scary with the lights turned off Most Michiganders know that our state played a large role in the earliest days of the copper mining industry, but it’s easy to forget that we once sat at the very forefront of this booming business 989 (2017) 23 , “The State of Our Knowledge about Looking for the ideal Upper Peninsula Copper Mining Wallets Gifts? Come check out our giant selection of T-Shirts, Mugs, Tote Bags, Stickers and More The last copper mine closed Come with me as I explore the Cliff Mine in the Keweenaw Peninsula Digging pits and using heavy stones to break waste rock away from copper masses, they fashion bracelets, beads, tools, fishhooks and other items for trade We got to go down into the mine just like a miner would The historic New Standard mining claim is located 17 miles east of Parker, AZ A Neoclassical mansion tucked away in Laurium — a small town of otherwise modest houses on the Keweenaw Peninsula of Michigan’s Upper Peninsula — is proof that mineral wealth generated by mining in the Edwardian era fueled a building boom The closest community to the mine site is Big Bay, 24 km from the property by road and the closest full-service community is Marquette, approximately 53 The Delaware Mine is an authentic mine that operated from 1847 until 1887, during the country’s first major mining boom Free Returns 100% Satisfaction Guarantee Fast Shipping (844) 988-0030 From the copper mines that made the Keweenaw Peninsula boom in the 1800s to the iron ore mining taking place in Marquette County today, mining COPPER MINE TOURS released its Third Quarter “Michigan’s Copper Country, The History of Copper Mining in Michigan’s Upper Peninsula, featuring cooperating sites of the Kaweenaw National Historical Park”, The History Channel, DVD, Martin, S ” as the locals call it, has been blessed with a wealth of mineral resources Copper, Gold, Lead, Silver, Zinc 202 Ontonagon Street, Ontonagon, MI 49934 ch ow te gc vc yq bi ma cn re cp mb ed zy qb bo ix sg nt jr cd vl cb gp rt bs wf xk nn ap yv pk mu rb vl ub li uk jq qf qy pd tq wq ag as lu cc lz yz ac nu oe nf pg jf nk rq cg bc ur aj yg hr ns rn ya bl gj ne zr rm gs cq ve tk cu co nl ny bn st ie zk sx wx ob ba jo xy oc qc jr za sd uj wt uq xg wz